lodging
dining
activities
rent-a-car
maps
photo gallery
site map
contact us
  andes coast amazon galapagos islands
about ecuador
travel in ecuador
business in ecuador
living in ecuador
itineraries
about us
ecuador links
Ecuador
History
Government
Economy
Society
Geology
Climate
Ecology
Regions
National parks
Culture
Maps
ecuador
 
ecuador the flag coat of arms anthem
 THE ECUADORIAN FLAG
Ecuadorian flag
Click image to enralge

The colours of the Ecuadorian flag are said to represent:

Red = the blood shed by the soldiers and martyrs of the independence battles
Blue = the colour of the sea and the sky
Yellow = the fertility of the land and abundance of its crops

The flags of Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela are almost identical due to the confederation that was formed between the nations on gaining independence from the Spanish in 1822 [
Gran Colombia]. The confederation dissolved was in 1830, but the member nations retained the same essential flag whose inspiration and design is attributed to freedom fighter General Francisco Miranda.

History
The Ecuadorian flag is the country's most significant symbolic representation of patriotism, giving citizens a sense of identity.

There are eight main periods in the history of the Ecuadorian flag:

{
1} The 1810 leaders raised a red flag with a white mast in rebellion against the Spanish authorities. It fell into Samano's bloody hands in 1812.

{
2} A flag with five horizontal blue and white stripes, the middle stripe with three stars in the middle symbolising Guayaquil, Portoviejo and Machala, was raised by the patriots in the Liberation of 9th October 1820.

{
3} The previous flag was changed by decree on the 2nd June 1822: "The flag of the free province of Guayaquil shall be white, its first quarter blue with a centered star [no colour indicated for the star]".

{
4} The Colombian [horizontal] tricolour, which preceeded the heroic deed of Pichincha and was later flied over the Tejar tower, was officially hoisted on the Panecillo fort on 25th May and also served as a symbol of the annexation of Guayaquil to Colombia.  This flag became definitive.

{
5} When Ecuador broke away from Gran Colombia in 1830 it kept the tricolour flag.  During the 1845 Marcista (March) Revolution the blue/white flag was reinstated, as a vertical tricolour with stars in the central stripe.

{
6} On 6th November 1845, the Cuenca Convention ratified the flag, with seven stars instead of three, "symbolising the seven provinces which constitute the Republic".

{
7} The Marcista flag lasted from 1845 to 1860. After Garcia Moreno's victory over the forces of Castilla and Franco [nothing to do with the Spanish dictator] and the shameful Treaty of Mapasingue, he ordered that the bicolour [white-blue-white] had been shamed out of treason and bore a washproof stain. "Let the old Ecuadorian flag, sealed with the heroes' blood, be forever consecrated as the people's ensign and the pride of our national glories".

{
8} The 1861 Convention confirmed this decree.  The flag became definitive in 1900 by legislative decree.  The flag consists of three colours: yellow, blue and red horizontal stripes.

Last Updated 15th September 2006 (DLW)

|Source: U.S. Library of Congress|||
HOME | ECUADOR | TRAVEL | BUSINESS | LIVING | ITINERARIES | HIP   
   copyright © hipecuador.com
   all rights reserved
terms & conditions | privacy policy | news | search | faq/help | contacts  
Advanced search :: 
 
 
Go BACKGo TOP
created by cafe design